Ocean and Coastal System laboratories

The function of KMFRI laboratory services include:- Provision of technical services in field and laboratory under various research programmes; collection, preservation, storage and analysis of samples; maintenance of laboratory records and processing of experimental data; basic maintenance of scientific equipment for training and supervision of students on attachment and internship; developing, validating and implementing standard operating procedures in specified laboratories; developing of appropriate specifications for laboratory chemicals and equipment; formulating laboratory quality control procedures; evaluating laboratory services; coordinating provision of services in a specialized laboratory; ensuring implementation of good laboratory practices; facilitating preventive maintenance of laboratory equipment; undertaking technical evaluation of quotations and tenders for laboratory supplies; and monitoring and evaluation of laboratory services.

Below are some of the laboratory equipment

Equipment Name : Calibration Bench; Location: Mombasa Laboratory

The calibration bench is installed in Calibration laboratory and its capable of calibrating equipment that measure: Voltage, current, resistance, conductivity, Temperature, pressure and frequency. The equipment also include two JOFRA temperature Dry block calibrators which can be used as standalone or be connected to the bench. The Dry blocks has a series of inserts that allow different probes sizes to be calibrated. The bench has also been fitted with a hydraulic and pneumatic bench top pumps for pressure gauges calibration which has a scope of up to 0 - 700 bars.

Name of Equipment: High-Performance Liquid Chromatograph (HPLC), Location: Mombasa Laboratory


 Applications: High-performance liquid chromatography can be used in both qualitative and quantitative applications that are for both compound quantification and identification. It used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture of compounds in analytical chemistry and biochemistry processes.

Name of equipment: Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES), Location: Mombasa Laboratory

Applications: Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry is a trace-level, elemental analysis technique that uses the emission spectra of a sample to identify, and quantify the elements present. Typical applications include:

  • Trace analysis of environmental soil and water samples

  • Assessment of metal ores for mass balances and process control

  • Trace metal analysis of any material that can be digested into an aqueous matrix

  • Boron and Lithia in glasses

  • Forensic analysis

  • Trace analysis of food and drink samples such as; metals in wine; and elements bound to proteins

Name of equipment: Autoanalyzer, Location: Mombasa

Applications: Nutrient Autoanalyzer is an automated flow-thru system for doing nutrient analysis (nitrate, ammonium, orthophosphate, and silicate) on water and sediment samples.

Name of equipment: ManTech Multi-Parameter Water Quality Analysis System, Location: Mombasa


 Applications: The equipment is used for COD, BOD, TOC, pH, Turbidity and Alkalinity in both laboratory and process analytics.

 Name of equipment: Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer

 Applications: Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometers are used in numerous fields and applications; in Automobiles, Food Products, Metals, Medicine, Electricity, Electronics and Semiconductors, Chemicals and Polymers. Specifically, for Chemicals and Polymers the equipment can be used for:

  • Raw material identification tests

  • Qualitative analysis of plastics and rubber

  • Identification of functional groups of synthetic products

  • Analysis of surface preparation agents

  • Analysis and thickness measurement of thin films

  • Analysis of catalysts

  • Analysis of paints and coatings

  • Analysis of contaminant

  • Quantitative analysis 

Name of equipment: Kjeldahl equipment, Location: Mombasa Laboratory


Applications: The Kjeldahl method is used to determine the nitrogen content in organic and inorganic samples such as foods and drinks, meat, feeds, cereals and forages for the calculation of the protein content. The method is also used for the nitrogen determination in wastewaters, soils and other samples